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This difference in laws meant that unlike white Australians, Aboriginal people could not move around the country as they pleased because they might lose the rights they had. And even though they had been granted the right to 1967 referendum essay help and had been declared citizens, they still were not counted in the population census.
As awareness of discrimination against Indigenous Australians increased both in Australia and abroad it was clear that change had to take place. In the Indigenous protest movement was given a boost when the Australian government signed the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
The Commonwealth government had no power over Aboriginal people in other States, because of what was written in the constitution. Section 51 paragraph xxvi specifically restricted the federal government from making laws for indigenous people; The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have power to make laws for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth with respect to: The people of any race, other than the aboriginal people in any State, for whom it is deemed necessary to make special laws.
The federal government decided to change the constitution so that it could have the necessary powers to make laws for indigenous people.
This would enable the Commonwealth to pour money into initiatives that would improve Aboriginal people's lives. It would also mean that the differing State policies towards Aboriginal people could eventually be centralised into one encompassing policy from the Commonwealth government.
This would mean that Aboriginal people could move from State to State without losing the privileges that they enjoyed in one, that were illegal in the other. See image 1 The Commonwealth government cannot change the constitution of Australia by just passing laws; it needs to hold a referendum so the people of Australia can decide if they want the constitution changed.
There have been a number of constitutional referenda held in Australia, but historically very few of them are ever passed. On 27 May the Commonwealth government held a referendum which asked the following question; Do you approve the proposed law for the alteration of the Constitution entitled 'An Act to alter the Constitution so as to omit certain words relating to the people of the Aboriginal race in any State so that Aboriginals are to be counted in reckoning the population'?
This question related to the sections of the constitution quoted above and essentially covered two main issues; 1. Should Aboriginal people be counted in the Australian census? Should the Commonwealth government be given the power to make laws for Aboriginal people?
As a result of years of campaigning for equal rights and a new political climate in Australia there was no real 'no' campaign against the proposed constitutional change. There could no longer be any justification for denying equality to Aboriginal people in the constitution.
Both main political parties and the media were behind the 'yes' campaign. It was also fully supported by the Indigenous protest groups. See image 2 The only real resistance to constitutional change on this issue was from those who did not like to see the States lose any powers to central government.
However the constitutional change gave the Commonwealth shared power with the States - not exclusive power to pass legislation in relation to the Indigenous population. The States still had the power to also pass laws.The referendum On 27 May , Australians voted in favour of changes to the Australian Constitution to improve the services available to Indigenous Australians.
The changes focused on two sections of the Constitution, which discriminated against Aborigines. referendum essays. for sat essay template about religion essay unemployment pdf good conclusion for research paper guide running essay help an unexpected sources example of essay proposal in uganda sat strategies for essay requirements linked words for essay easy an essay about spare time futures dissertation marketing examples.
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The referendum is shrouded in myth and symbolism. The symbolism has proved valuable, as the referendum result exposed overwhelming public support for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. referendum essay writer creator research paper on african american slavery addiction to social media essay conclusion slumdog millionaire salim essay help introduction sentences for compare and contrast essays on cats simple life changing moments essay technology in education research papers.
The referendum is about including Aboriginals people in the census and allowing the commonwealth to make laws for the aboriginals. At the same time of the referendum, harold Holt was the prime minister and liberal was in power.5/5(1).