History[ edit ] In the Indian High Courts Act was enacted to create high courts for various provinces and abolished supreme courts at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay and also the sadar adalats in presidency towns which had acted as the highest court in their respective regions.
VirginiaU. Discrimination based on sexual orientation[ edit ] Bowers v. HardwickU. EvansU. TexasU. This decision invalidates all of the remaining sodomy laws in the United States. Department of Public HealthMass. This was the first state court decision in which same-sex couples won the right to marry.
WindsorU. The federal government must recognize same-sex marriages that have been approved by the states.
SmithKline Beecham Corporation v. Abbott LaboratoriesF. Constitution as applied by the U. Supreme Court ruling in Batson v. First time holding by a United States Court of Appeals that classifications based upon sexual orientation must be subjected to heightened scrutiny.
HodgesU. Birth control and abortion[ edit ] Griswold v. ConnecticutU. BairdU.
WadeU. Most restrictions during the first trimester are prohibited, and only health-related restrictions are permitted during the second trimester.
Population Services InternationalU. CaseyU. The strict trimester framework of Roe is discarded and replaced with the more vague " undue burden " test. CarhartU. It is not vague or overbroad, and it does not impose an undue burden on a woman's right to choose to have an abortion.
Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc. As applied to such corporations, the requirement of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act that employers provide their female employees with no-cost access to contraception violates the Religious Freedom Restoration Act.
Whole Woman's Health v. HellerstedtU. End of life[ edit ] Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of HealthU. QuillU. OregonU. United StatesU.Supreme Court Landmarks Participate in interactive landmark Supreme Court cases that have shaped history and have an impact on law-abiding citizens today.
Bethel School District #43 v. The Supreme Court of the United States blog. Holding: Two provisions in a Texas law – requiring physicians who perform abortions to have admitting privileges at a nearby hospital and requiring abortion clinics in the state to have facilities comparable to an ambulatory surgical center – place a substantial obstacle in the path of women seeking an abortion, constitute an undue burden on.
(Arranged According to the Subject) The new legal order. Key Principle: The objective of the EC is to establish a common market, the operation of which directly concerns interested parties in the Community. Van Gend en Loos v Nederlandse Administratie der Belastinge (Case 26/62) In the United States, landmark court decisions come most frequently from the Supreme Court.
United States courts of appeals may also make such decisions, particularly if the Supreme Court chooses not to review the case or if it adopts the holding of the lower court, such as in Smith v. Research Assignment (Technology Project) Landmark Supreme Court Cases Group Members: _____ Assigned Case: _____ Objective: Identify the significance and outcomes of landmark Supreme Court Cases.
Goal: Research your assigned Supreme Court case and develop a presentation that outlines the facts, history, significance, and outcome. Most Recent Decisions SAUSE v. BAUER No. Decided June 28, NORTH CAROLINA v. COVINGTON No. Decided June 28, SEXTON v.