An overview of the roman army and its role in the roman empire

Augustus and his successors tried to maintain the imagery and language of the Roman Republic to justify and preserve their personal power.

An overview of the roman army and its role in the roman empire

What was life like in the Roman army? The Roman army was the largest and meanest fighting force in the ancient world. One of the main reasons Rome became so powerful was because of the strength of its army.

It conquered a vast empire that stretched from Britain all the way to the Middle East. The army was very advanced for its time. The soldiers were the best trained, they had the best weapons and the best armour. Being a soldier was a serious business.

When the Romans invaded Britain, their army was so good that it took on armies 10 times its size and won! Who was in the Roman army?

Only men could be in the Roman Army, no women were allowed. There were two main types of Roman soldiers: The legionaries were the elite very best soldiers. A legionary had to be over 17 years old and a Roman citizen. Every new recruit had to be fighting fit - anyone who was weak or too short was rejected.

But if they survived their time, they were rewarded with a gift of land they could farm. An auxiliary was a soldier who was not a Roman citizen. Auxiliaries guarded forts and frontiers but also fought in battles, often in the front lines where it was the most dangerous. Most soldiers in the Roman Empire came from countries outside Italy.

Click on this Roman legionary below to find out about his equipment. Start activity How did the Roman army fight? At its largest, there might have been around half a million soldiers in the Roman army!

Each legion had between 4, and 6, soldiers. He carried a short rod, to show his importance. He would also use it to beat any soldier who disobeyed him. Some soldiers had special skills. They shot bows and arrows, flung stones from slingshots, or could swim rivers to surprise an enemy.

Roman soldiers usually lined up for battle in a tight formation. After a terrifying burst of arrows and artillery, the Roman soldiers marched at a slow steady pace towards the enemy. At the last minute, they hurled their javelins and drew their swords, before charging into the enemy.

Then they used cavalry soldiers riding horses to chase anyone who tried to run away. These machines fired rocks or balls of burning tar. How well trained were Roman soldiers? A Roman soldier was a well-trained fighting machine. He could march 20 miles a day, wearing all his armour and equipment.

He could swim or cross rivers in boats, build bridges and smash his way into forts. The next day, they had to do it all again! A Roman soldier almost always followed orders.

If you fell asleep on duty, you could be sentenced to death.

An overview of the roman army and its role in the roman empire

They practised fighting in formation and man-to-man. Legionaries also patrolled their conquered territories and built roads, forts and aqueducts a bridge which carried water. A centurion watches men training.The extent of Roman Expansion up to now outside of Italy had been the acquisition of Spain from Carthage, and that’s about it.

An overview of the roman army and its role in the roman empire

Rome was not the great empire that she would become, but, Rome had changed as a result of all of these wars, and not necessarily for the better. The Roman army, famed for its discipline, organistion, and innovation in both weapons and tactics, allowed Rome to build and defend a huge empire which for centuries would dominate the Mediterranean world and beyond.

Only in the late Empire did the preservation of control over Rome's territories become the Roman military's primary role. The remaining major powers confronting Rome were the Kingdom of Aksum, Parthia and the Hunnic Empire.

Roman Military from the Roman Republics to the late roman empire. Their generals, legions, tactics, strategies, weapons, armor and warfare up to the downfall of the late empires legions. Rome rose to become the greatest military force in the history of the West only to parish by the sword.

The Roman army was the backbone of the empire’s power, and the Romans managed to conquer so many tribes, clans, confederations, and empires because of their military superiority. It was also the source of the empire’s economic and political strength, ensuring domestic peace so that trade could.

The Roman Empire, at its height (c. CE), was the most extensive political and social structure in western CE the empire had grown too vast to be ruled from the central government at Rome and so was divided by Emperor Diocletian ( CE) into a Western and an Eastern Empire.

The Roman Empire began when Augustus Caesar (27 BCE CE) became the first emperor of Rome.

Roman Expansion