Process[ edit ] The first commercial use was hand processing of a flat photosensor an electronic component that detects the presence of visible light with a copy camera and a separate processing unit to produce offset lithographic plates. Today this technology is used in photocopy machineslaser printersand digital presses which are slowly replacing many traditional offset presses in the printing industry for shorter runs. By using a cylinder to carry the photosensor, automatic processing was enabled.
Jungle and Fast Food Nation The American meat industry has been a source of public contention ever since industrialization, periodically brought to the fore by investigations into and revelations of unsafe labor and food safety practices.
By comparing and contrasting the two books, it will be possible to examine the evolution of the America food industry as well as how the same problems can reappear a hundred years later if the root cause is not dealt with.
In The Jungle, Sinclair describes the unsanitary, unethical, or unsafe conditions in the meat packing industry a number of times, and demonstrates how a variety of factors contribute to these conditions, from corporate complicity to governmental incompetence.
In this case, the inadequate quality controls stem from the devastating combination of corporate greed and government complicity, or at least ignorance.
That the floor-bosses are able to so easily distract the government inspector demonstrates the extent to which the regulatory role had become largely irrelevant. In fact, in order to see exactly how far the meat industry was beyond any genuine regulation, one need only look as far as the next paragraph of the novel, when Jurgis must fill in for a fellow employee and begins to understand the full extent to which the meat packing industry clashes irrevocably with his preconceived notions of America.
When a fellow employee is injured, Jurgis is "ordered to remain and do some special work which this injured man had usually done," after "the government inspectors had all gone" Sinclair The "special work" Jurgis performs is the slaughter and butchering of the "downers," cows injured on the trip from their original farm to the slaughterhouses.
Thus, the government inspectors are not even around when the most egregious of violations is going on, and even when they are there, the corporate hierarchy functions in such a way as to keep the inspectors from doing and real inspecting. The "packing-house" functions like a massive machine, with each individual person only one constituent part, interacting with such precision that floor-bosses can maneuver inspectors away from relevant areas, or conduct a massive, nighttime disposal and butchering operation without any oversight.
A comprehensive look at all of the muckraking and descriptive work performed by The Jungle is not necessary for the purposes of this analysis. Rather, these two separate but related instances of corporate malfeasance aided by government incompetence and impotence will serve as points of comparison and contrast between the conditions described by the nonfiction book Fast Food Nation, allowing one to see both the evolution of meat industry practices and how corporate disinterest in employee and consumer well-being is continued in modified forms.
As the name suggests, Fast Food Nation does not focus exclusively on the American meat industry, but rather on the rise of fast food chains in America, and underlying cultural shifts which precipitated that rise.
However, as a part of this investigation, the book necessarily examines the American meat industry, and finds many of the same underlying problems presented in The Jungle, albeit in a different form.
Instead, it will suffice to examine how the meatpacking industry has changed, and how these changes have only exacerbated previously existing problems. In fact, "in one crucial aspect meatpacking has changed little in the past hundred years. At the dawn of the twenty-first century, amid an era of extraordinary technological advance, the most important tool in a modern slaughterhouse is a sharp knife" Schlosser This massive increase in production results not only in a subsequent increase in stabbings and other obvious accidents, it has resulted in the creation of a further underclass of meatpacking workers; those who must clean the slaughterhouses.
According to Schlosser, slaughterhouse sanitation crews "are the ultimate in disposable workers: Just as Jurgis performed his "special," illegal work distributing the "downer" meat amongst the meat from the healthy cows at night, away from the prying eyes of government inspectors, so too do the cleaning crews operate after hours, in conditions "so hard and so horrendous that words seem inadequate to describe it" Schlosser For example, "at a National Beef plant in Liberal, Kansas, Homer Stull climbed into a blood-collection tank to clean it," but "was overcome by hydrogen sulfide fumes," and when "two coworkers climbed into the tank and tried to rescue him," and all three of them died.
This was eight years after two men had died in the same tank in nearly the same situation Schlosser In fact, the root problems are largely the same, if the symptoms have presented themselves in slightly different ways.
A corporate philosophy that puts potential profits over consumer or employee safety coupled with government acquiescence or ignorance foments the devastatingly dangerous conditions in meatpacking plants, both in the fictional world of The Jungle and in the very real packing plant visited in Fast Food Nation.
Whereas The Jungle was a novel, using the narrative of a Lithuanian family trying to survive in America in order to examine the American meatpacking industry, Fast Food Nation is a more direct journalistic endeavor and the two serve to compliment each other.
Where The Jungle addresses the affects of these working conditions on the individual character, Fast Food Nation offers a broader context as well as the….The Jungle Scout Chrome Extension provides real-time Amazon product revenue, sales, estimates, and competitor data on products.
Instant Amazon seller product research made easy. Find your next successful product launch with the JS extension! View this essay on Compare and Contrast Upton Sinclair's The Jungle to Eric Schlosser's Fast Food Nation. The American meat industry has been a source of public.
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A jungle is land covered with dense vegetation dominated by trees. Application of the term has varied greatly over recent centuries and it has little scientific meaning.
Before the s, various tropical forests were referred to as jungles but this terminology has fallen out of usage. Jungles in Western literature can represent a less civilised or unruly space outside the control of.