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These mandates and the regulations that implement them cover many workplace activities for about 10 million employers and million workers. This brief summary is intended to acquaint you with the major labor laws and not to offer a detailed exposition.
For authoritative information and references to fuller descriptions on these laws, you should consult the statutes and regulations themselves.
The act is administered by the Wage and Hour Division. It requires employers to pay covered employees who are not otherwise exempt at least the federal minimum wage and overtime pay of one-and-one-half-times the regular rate of pay.
For nonagricultural operations, it restricts the hours that children under age 16 can work and forbids the employment of children under age 18 in certain jobs deemed too dangerous. For agricultural operations, it prohibits the employment of children under age 16 during school hours and in certain jobs deemed too dangerous.
Safety and health conditions in most private industries are regulated by OSHA or OSHA-approved state programs, which also cover public sector employers. Employers also have a general duty under the OSH Act to provide their employees with work and a workplace free from recognized, serious hazards.
OSHA enforces the Act through workplace inspections and investigations. Compliance assistance and other cooperative programs are also available. The FECA, administered by OWCP, provides benefits for wage loss compensation for total or partial disability, schedule awards for permanent loss or loss of use of specified members of the body, related medical costs, and vocational rehabilitation.
Title I of ERISA is administered by the Employee Benefits Security Administration EBSA formerly the Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration and imposes a wide range of fiduciary, disclosure and reporting requirements on fiduciaries of pension and welfare benefit plans and on others having dealings with these plans.
These provisions preempt many similar state laws. It protects union funds and promotes union democracy by requiring labor organizations to file annual financial reports, by requiring union officials, employers, and labor consultants to file reports regarding certain labor relations practices, and by establishing standards for the election of union officers.
Employee Protection Most labor and public safety laws and many environmental laws mandate whistleblower protections for employees who complain about violations of the law by their employers.
Remedies can include job reinstatement and payment of back wages. OSHA enforces the whistleblower protections in most laws.
Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act Certain persons who serve in the armed forces have a right to reemployment with the employer they were with when they entered service. This includes those called up from the reserves or National Guard. This law bars most employers from using lie detectors on employees, but permits polygraph tests only in limited circumstances.
It is administered by the Wage and Hour Division. The Family and Medical Leave Act Administered by the Wage and Hour Divisionthe Family and Medical Leave Act FMLA requires employers of 50 or more employees to give up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave to eligible employees for the birth or adoption of a child or for the serious illness of the employee or a spouse, child or parent.
They are provided preference in initial hiring and protection in reductions in force. Government Contracts, Grants, or Financial Aid Recipients of government contracts, grants or financial aid are subject to wage, hour, benefits, and safety and health standards under: Administration and enforcement of these laws are by The Wage and Hour Division.
The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs OFCCP administers and enforces three federal contract-based civil rights laws that require most federal contractors and subcontractors, as well as federally assisted construction contractors, to provide equal employment opportunity.
The Act prescribes wage protections, housing and transportation safety standards, farm labor contractor registration requirements, and disclosure requirements. The Wage and Hour Division administers this law.
The Fair Labor Standards Act FLSA exempts agricultural workers from overtime premium pay, but requires the payment of the minimum wage to workers employed on larger farms farms employing more than approximately seven full-time workers. The Act has special child-labor regulations that apply to agricultural employment; children under 16 are forbidden to work during school hours and in certain jobs deemed too dangerous.
OSHA also has special safety and health standards that may apply to agricultural operations. The Immigration and Nationality Act INA requires employers who want to use foreign temporary workers on H-2A visas to get a labor certificate from the Employment and Training Administration certifying that there are not sufficient, able, willing and qualified U.
The safety and health standards address numerous hazards including roof falls, flammable and explosive gases, fire, electricity, equipment rollovers and maintenance, airborne contaminants, noise, and respirable dust.
MSHA enforces safety and health requirements at more than 13, mines, investigates mine accidents, and offers mine operators training, technical and compliance assistance. Construction Several agencies administer programs related solely to the construction industry.
OSHA has special occupational safety and health standards for construction; The Wage and Hour Divisionunder Davis-Bacon and related acts, requires payment of prevailing wages and benefits; The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs enforces Executive Orderwhich requires federal construction contractors and subcontractors, as well as federally assisted construction contractors, to provide equal employment opportunity; the anti-kickback section of the Copeland Act precludes a federal contractor from inducing any employee to sacrifice any part of the compensation required.Social workers help people solve and cope with problems in their everyday lives.
Clinical social workers also diagnose and treat mental, behavioral, and emotional issues. Social workers work in a variety of settings, including mental health clinics, schools, child welfare and human service agencies Work experience in related occupation: None.
Labor unions in the United States are organizations that represent workers in many industries recognized under US labor law. Their activity today centers on collective bargaining over wages, benefits, and working conditions for their membership, and on representing their members in disputes with management over violations of contract provisions.
The protection of fundamental human rights was a foundation stone in the establishment of the United States over years ago. Since then, a central goal of U.S.
foreign policy has been the promotion of respect for human rights, as embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Labor organizations represent millions of workers in the United States. The Department of Labor's Office of Labor-Management Standards is responsible for administering and enforcing most provisions of the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of (LMRDA).
LMRDA directly affects millions of people throughout the United States.
No doubt, the United States is a powerful country in the world today. It has made its mark in the history by building a strong economy that every other nation envies, and idolizes as well.
The Department of Labor (DOL) administers and enforces more than federal laws. These mandates and the regulations that implement them cover many workplace activities for about 10 million employers and million workers.